Hardware

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Orange Pi is a development board produced by Xunlong.

Orange Pi PC board

Introduction[edit]

Types of boards[edit]

Comparision of Orange Pi Models[edit]

' OPi Zero OPi One OPi Lite OPi PC OPi PC+ OPi+ OPi+2 OPi+2E OPi PC 2
SOC Allwinner H2+ (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H3 (sun8iw7p1) Allwinner H5 (sun50i)
CPU Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A7 @1.3Ghz Quad ARM Cortex-A53 @1.2hz
FPU VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON VFPv4 + NEON
Instruction set ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V7 32 bits ARM V8 64 bits
GPU Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 400 @ 600Mhz Mali 450 @ ?Mhz
RAM 256/512 MB DDR3 512 MB DDR3 512 MB DDR3 1GB DDR3 1GB DDR3 1GB DDR3 2GB DDR3 2GB DDR3 1GB DDR3
Internal storage NA NA NA NA 8GB EMMC 8GB EMMC 16GB EMMC 16GB EMMC NA
External Storage micro SD micro SD micro SD micro SD micro SD micro SD micro SD micro SD micro SD
Ethernet 10 /100 10 /100 NA 10 /100 10 /100 10 /100 / 1000 10 /100 / 1000 10 /100 / 1000 10 /100
Wireless 802.11n NA 802.11n NA 802.11n 802.11n 802.11n 802.11n NA
USB ports 1 + 2 on pin header 1 2 3 3 4 (internal hub) 4 (internal hub) 3 3
Video output Composite via pin header HDMI HDMI HDMI / Composite HDMI / Composite HDMI / Composite HDMI / Composite HDMI / Composite HDMI / Composite
Audio output Analog via pin header HDMI HDMI HDMI / Analog HDMI / Analog HDMI / Analog HDMI / Analog HDMI / Analog HDMI / Analog
GPIO 26 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40
SATA (internal USB to SATA) NA NA NA NA NA Yes Yes NA NA
Voltage Regulator SY8113B SY8113B SY8113B SY8106A SY8106A SY8106A SY8106A SY8106A SY8106A
Price $6.99 / $8.99 (512MiB Ram) $9.99 $12.00 $15.00 $19.99 $39.00 $49.00 $35.00 $19.99

There is also this very comprehensive article by tkaiser on the Armbian forums.

H3 based[edit]

General information[edit]

Xunlong markets the models with the SY8106A voltage regulators as running at 1.6 GHz, while this effectively means 1 536 MHz. The "official" OS images also run the H3 at this speed, it however must be noted that this means severe overclocking, effectively resulting in a perfomance loss rather than gain unless cooled properly with a big heat sink and a fan. Armbian and other more recent distributions chose to run the H3 at the intended speed of 1.3 GHz(1296 MHz), which allows for passive cooling using only a small heat sink. See the H3's page for further reference on the subject.

Orange Pi PC[edit]

Orange Pi Plus[edit]

  • The Orange Pi Plus was presented in February 2015. It's a new board, and it uses the AllWinner H3 SoC. It Has a 8GB EMMC Flash, Onboard Network(10/100/1000M Ethernet RJ45), Onboard WIFI(Realtek RTL8189ETV, IEEE 802.11 b/g/n), Video Outputs(Supports HDMI CEC, Supports HDMI 3D function, Integrated CVBS, Supports simultaneous output of HDMI and CVBS) and a 40 pin GPIO header (that mimics the Raspberry Pi A+/B+ models).

Orange Pi Plus 2[edit]

Orange Pi One[edit]

  • The Orange Pi One was presented in February 2016. It uses the AllWinner H3 SoC. It Has Onboard Network(10/100M Ethernet RJ45), 1 USB port, Video Outputs(Supports HDMI CEC, Supports HDMI 3D function) and a 40 pin GPIO header (that mimics the Raspberry Pi A+/B+ models).

Orange Pi Lite[edit]

Orange Pi Plus 2E[edit]

Other H3 devices[edit]

An overview of hardware that's not from the Orange Pi series, but uses the H3 and most of the same hardware (hence being mostly compatible) can be found on in the Other H3 Devices section.

A20 Based[edit]

General information[edit]

The original Orange Pi and the Orange Pi Mini were not based on the H3, but on the Allwinner A20. Both boards are no longer available on the official shop and are to be considered having reached their end of life.

As the A20 is a SoC originally conceived to work in tablet devices, both boards feature a native LVDS interface, which is not available on the current H3-based production line. It allowed to connect LCD displays without an intermittent display controller.

It is also to be noted that the A20 (for reasons unknown) is equipped with a real SATA controller. Both the Orange Pi and the Orange Pi Mini expose a SATA Port. Being a real SATA port it performs much better than USB2-to-SATA adapters. However, being heavily unbalanced in terms of read and write speeds, the performance of the SATA port cannot be compared to dedicated NAS solutions or desktop PCs.

Most software and distributions originally intended for the popular, original Banana Pi will work flawlessly on these models since they share most of the hardware.

Orange Pi[edit]

  • The original Orange Pi was released in November 2014. The orange pi features a standard TF card slot and a 26 pin GPIO connector (similar to the Raspberry Pi A/B) plus an 18 pin "Interface Extender" with additional GPIO pins. It also features a true VGA port. The USB Host Ports are "hubbed" much like on the Raspberry Pi models.

Orange Pi Mini[edit]

  • The Orange Pi Mini was released in November 2014, too. Opposed to the original Orange Pi it has two TF card slots, and already features a RPi2-Style 40 Pin GPIO header. It also has 2 "real" USB Host ports.

Internal hardware[edit]

GPIO[edit]

Diagram of GPIO pins


Note: On Orange Pi One and Lite, the GPIO header is rotated by 180° (pin 1=40, 2=39, ..., 40=1) [1]

External hardware and peripherals[edit]

Hardware compatibility list[edit]

Power[edit]

Battery power[edit]

See also[edit]